Colocation is a term used to describe a certain type of IT Hosting service provided by telecommunication facilities and data centers to clients who own equipment and need to house it. There are different levels of Colocation – from colocation of a single standard desktop computer or rack server to rack enclosures (cabinets) used for colocation of multiple computing appliances.

The minimum services provided by the host facility (data center) to a client are: space, power feed, access to internet service, power and cooling. The facilities usually house IT equipment into rack cabinets (See “Server Cabinet”, “19-inch Rack” and “Tower Server Rack”), mount them into rack units, connect them to special types of power distribution units (PDU) and connect them to networking equipment (network switches) to provide them with Internet connectivity.