The Domain Name System is an Internet naming system thatĀ makes it possible to assign domain names to groups of Internet resources and users, independent of each entity’s physical location. Domain names are easier to remember than IP addresses such as (IPv4) or 2001:db6:1f70::999:de8:7648:6e8 (IPv6). Internet users use domain names to recite meaningful Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and e-mail addresses.

The Domain Name System distributes the responsibility of assigning domain names and mapping those names to IP addresses by designating name servers for each domain. Name servers are responsible for their particular domains. The are DNS distributed and fault tolerant. This makes possible for the WWW to avoid keeping everything in a single central register which has to be continually consulted and updated.

Domain Name System also stores information about the list of mail servers that accept email for web addresses. Domain Name System is a very important component of the Internet as we know it becauseĀ it provides a distributed keyword-based redirection service.